Bond Discounts and Premiums Amortization

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In practice, if there are material differences between the two methods, the effective interest method should be used. However, for ease of illustration, the straight-line method is used in this article. At Finance Strategists, we partner with financial experts to ensure the accuracy of our financial content. C. Increases the carrying value of a bond and increases interest expense.

What Are the Difference Between Annual Straight Line Amortization … – The Motley Fool

What Are the Difference Between Annual Straight Line Amortization ….

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Of this paragraph except that A decides to use semiannual accrual periods ending on February 1 and August 1 of each year. One needs to calculate the number of bond premiums to amortize bond premiums. The same can be calculated by reducing the face value of the bond from its issue price.

How to Amortize Bond Premium?

Under § 1.1016–5, A’s basis in the bond is reduced by $1,118.17 on February 1, 2000. A method of amortizing a bond premium is with the constant yield method. The constant yield method amortizes the bond premium by multiplying the purchase price by the yield to maturity at issuance and then subtracting the coupon interest. The interest expense in column C is the product of the 4% market interest rate per semiannual period times the book value of the bond at the start of the semiannual period. Notice how the interest expense is decreasing with the decrease in the book value in column G. This correlation between the interest expense and the bond’s book value makes the effective interest rate method the preferred method.

New rules for accounting for amortization of premiums for purchased … – Journal of Accountancy

New rules for accounting for amortization of premiums for purchased ….

Posted: Thu, 30 Mar 2017 07:00:00 GMT [source]

B. Decreases the carrying value of a bond and decreases interest expense. Envelope Light The Daily Upside Newsletter Investment news and high-quality insights delivered straight to your inboxIcon-Investing Get Started Investing You can do it. The amount of any payment previously made on the bond other than a payment of qualified stated interest. Generally, a bond will come with a face value of $1,000 or some other round number. It is the amount that is promised to be repaid by the borrower. However, the actual price paid to purchase the bond usually is not $1,000.

How to Calculate Interest Receivable From a Bond Amortization

This $4.14 ($240 + 58 months — $4.14) per month, and 4 months’ amortization from 1 March 2020 to 1 July 2020 is $16.56 ($4.14 x 4). In this entry, Cash is debited for $600, which is the full 6 months’ interest payment ($12,000 x 0.05). The relevant T accounts, along with a partial balance sheet as of 1 July 2020, are presented below.

  • The Straight Method is preferable when the premium amount is very less or insignificant.
  • If market interest rates decrease, then bond prices increase.
  • However, market interest rates and other factors influence whether the bond is sold for more or less than its face value.
  • The cash eventually required to repay the obligations may become a significant burden.

The amount of the discount or premium to be amortized is the difference between the interest figured by using the effective rate and that obtained by using the face rate. Both bond amortization methods give the same final results. EIRA gives decreasing interest expenses over time for premium bonds and increasing interest expenses for discount bonds. In other words, expenses increase with increasing bond book values and decrease with decreasing book values.

Watch It: Bonds Issued at a Discount

The difference, in this case, is a credit memo to the premium bonds account of $7,722. Bond Premiums –Bonds that are issued at a price that is greater than its par value will be considered bonds issued at a premium. Additionally, bonds that are issued at a premium will be those with a market rate that is less than the bonds stated rate.

discount on bonds

In no case shall the amount of bond premium on a convertible bond include any amount attributable to the conversion features of the bond. We will solve the problem assuming first the effective interest rate method, and then the straight-line method. We will illustrate the problem by the following example related to a premium bond. Cinzano Corporation should make the following set of journal entries each year until the bonds mature or until they are sold.

Comparison of Amortization Methods

Discount on bonds is the amount deducted from the face value of the bond to calculate for carrying value. The amortization would decrease bond discount until it becomes zero at the end of maturity. A decreasing bond discount balance will increase the carrying value of the bonds. Non-current liabilities are also known as long-term debts, which appear in the organization’s balance sheet or statement of financial position. Examples are the bonds payable, notes payable, and loan payable. Of this paragraph , this same amount would be taken into income at the same time had A used annual accrual periods.

Harold Averkamp has worked as a university accounting instructor, accountant, and consultant for more than 25 years. He is the sole author of all the materials on Yarilet Perez is an experienced multimedia journalist and fact-checker with a Master of Science in Journalism. She has worked in multiple cities covering breaking news, politics, education, and more.

Amortizing the Bonds Discount or Premium

The cash eventually required to repay the obligations may become a significant burden. At the maturity date, the carrying value of both a premium bond and a discount bond equals the face value. When a bond is sold at a premium, the difference between the sales price and face value of the bond must be amortized over the bond’s term. The company chose to create a premium account, rather than write off the difference in Cash Flows over the life of the bond since it would like to maintain its financial leverage.


We always record Bond Payable at the amount we have to pay back which is the face value or principal amount of the bond. The difference between the price we sell it and the amount we have to pay back is recorded in a liability account called Premium on Bonds Payable. Just like with a discount, the premium amount will be removed over the life of the bond by amortizing it over the life of the bond. The premium will decrease bond interest expense when we record the semiannual interest payment. As in the SLA discount bond example, the initial book value is equal to the bond’s payable amount of $1 million minus its discount of $38,500, or $961,500.

Note that from the investor’s perspective, the discount increases interest revenue, and from the issuer’s point of view, it increases interest expense. Regardless of the method that you apply as an accountant, the discount is amortized by debiting the Investment in Bonds account. The premium is amortized by crediting the Investment in Bonds account. Thus, the total interest expense for each period is $5,228, which consists of the $6,000 cash interest less the premium amortization of $772.

yield to maturity

Since bonds are an attractive investment, the price was bidded up to $107,722, and the premium of $7,722 is considered a reduction of interest expense. When the amount of interest expense decreases over the life of the bond, the bond was issued at . For the years in which you own the bond for all 12 months, you simply take amortization of 12 times the monthly amount. For the year of purchase and the year of sale or maturity, you have to account for a partial year, multiplying the monthly amount by the number of months during the year that you actually owned the bond.

David also works with clients to help articulate and implement these strategies with their outside advisors (e.g., attorneys, accountants, life insurance professionals). “ The amendments made by this paragraph shall apply to obligations issued after September 27, 1985. “ with reference to the amount payable on maturity , in the case of any bond described in subsection which is acquired after December 31, 1957, and”.